Ministerial Forum on the Environment: “From the final document of Rio+20 to the implementation”.

Thursday 28 February 2013

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Canal: Regional Antenna of Africa.

Type of document: News.

Date: February 20-22, 2013, Nairobi.

Language: Spanish.

Theme: Rio+20- Environment.

Keywords: Rio+20, Kenya, United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), Forum, Report, Environment.

The first universal meeting of the Board of Directors of the UNEP and the Ministerial Forum on the Environment (February 18-23, 2013) took place in Nairobi, Kenya under the call “From the final document of Rio+20 to the implementation”.

In the document of Rio+20 “The Future we want” the countries of the world decided to strengthen the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and determined the universal membership for said program. This means that a country such as Bolivia that before did not take part on the decisions regarding UNEP is at present forming part of that entity given the fact it is a United Nations member state. On the other hand, one of the issues more discussed at Rio+20 was that of the “green economy”. As part of the balance of the document an issue was identified – among many others – the existence of different approaches, visions, models and tools to attain sustainable development aside of the one referred to green economy which is only the tool for reaching that goal. Nevertheless, decisions were more specific to move forward with an implementation process on green economy.

The multinational state of Bolivia has designed an international proposal related to this issue in a consistent manner to what is established by the mandates of the World People’s Conference on the Climate Change and the Rights of Mother Earth (Tiquipaya, Bolivia, April 2010), where the acknowledgment of Good Living was states as a new alternative paradigm to capitalism and modernity.

At the meeting in Nairobi, developed countries and many others supporting them, thought they will have a platform for re-launching green economy as long as this entity acting as the Secretariat of the Forum of Ministers for the Environment is the brain and the operative arm of the green economy, focusing its work then in the promotion of one of its fundamental pillars for action: that of the green economy.

In Nairobi the Multinational State of Bolivia was able to reach into a consensus for a decision, jointly with the government of China, acknowledging in the implementation of Rio+20 the different approaches, visions, models and tools for sustainable development. In this decision on “green economy, sustainable development and poverty eradication” there is an explicit recognition that in the world two ways are being commissioned along the path to attain sustainable development.

i) The first one is through green economy used in the creation of either the green capitalism or the green socialism (green economy) where there is still a concentration of the majority of efforts made by countries, including that of China with the ecological civilization;

ii) The second way is within the framework of different approaches, which Bolivia is setting into motion at the international scene under the mandates of the Summit of the Peoples from Tiquipaya – having the support of several countries- and the Law No. 300 Framework of the Mother Earth and Comprehensive Development for Good Living; this is the way for the “Good Living in harmony and balance with Mother Earth”.

So then in the world there is already the existence of an idea that there is not only the basic Euro-centered way of the green economy but rather its antithesis which is “Good Living in harmony and balance with Mother Earth”. It is really interesting that the Chinese government under the design and implementation of the idea of “ecological civilization” might be able to change the Euro-centered paradigm and that of green capitalism of the green economy. Then, with this decision there will also be a hatching of change in the way of thinking from within the green economy, which at first was linked to the commissioning of a green capitalism.

As a consequence, from no won international debates within the framework of the United Nations cannot ignore that one of the approaches in the Good Living in harmony and balance with Mother Earth, including the most important debate at present related with the design of the Sustainable Development Goals.

At present the Good Living in harmony and balance with Mother Earth is still embedded in the international debate of the United Nations around sustainable development; nevertheless, it is the following challenge in the medium term, moving forward in the change of the world idea on sustainable development towards Good Living.

Among other important themes, the Multinational State of Bolivia also requested a change of name of the United Nations Program on Deforestation and Forestry Degradation at present known as UN-REDD, in the understanding that this acronym was erased from the final document of Rio+20 and it is not an official designation agreed in the course of negotiations at the United Nations. A large majority of countries reacted against this proposal presented by Bolivia and argued that they didn’t have enough time to discuss it and assess it in their respective countries, so Bolivia requested this issue will be incorporated in the next debate agenda of the next coming session. Bolivia intends to attain that the United Nations Programme will be inclusive to different approaches on deforestation and forestry degradation, including as well the Joint Mechanism for the Mitigation and Adaptation of Comprehensive and Sustainable Management of the Forests and of Mother Earth that is already being adopted by the United Nations through this program.

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