NEPAD

NEPAD: Can Africa be able to meet its own needs?

Wednesday 6 March 2013

All the versions of this article: [English] [Español] [français] [Português]

Author: Ousmane Diadhiou, PALAE.

Theme: NEPAD (The New Alliance for the Development of Africa).

Keywords: NEPAD, Development, Africa.

Content:

1. COULD YOU TELL WHAT NEPAD STANDS FOR?

2. WHICH ARE THE ORIGINS OF NEPAD?

3. WHAT DO WE NEED NEPAD FOR?

4. COULD YOU MENTION THE MAIN OBJECTIVES OF NEPAD?

5. DO YOU HAPPEN TO KNOW WHICH THE PRINCIPLES OF NEPAD ARE?

6. WHICH IS THE ACTION PROGRAM OF NEPAD?

7. ARE YOU ABLE TO IDENTIFY THE PRIORITIES ESTABLISHED FOR NEPAD?

8. COULD YOU TELL THE IMMEDIATE EXPECTATIONS OF NEPAD?

9. COULD YOU TELL WHICH THE PRIORITY SECTORS ARE?

10. ARE YOU ABLE TO FIND ANY RESEMBLANCE IN A GIVEN STRUCTURE TO THE ONE APPLIED IN NEPAD?

The natural ecosystems of the planet are deteriorating at a pace never seen before in history, given the fact that a share of humanity (the West and especially the whole G-8 ) is living way above its possibilities in relation to the available resources in the planet. This situation sends an alert to the World Wildlife Fund (WWF). Africa, although still away from industrialization, must play an important role in the protection of the environment. Given the warming of the Earth accompanied by the greenhouse effect, the continent has not yet been polluted: its tropical forests, the atmosphere almost deprived of carbon oxide, the minimum presence of toxic waste waters on its rivers and on the subsoil interacting with oceans, create a desire in humanity to protect them and use them with patience.

A sun bathed continent all along the twelve months of a year, with a strong and dense hydrographic rhythm: two of the three large rivers classified as such for their flow and length are Africans (the Nile and the Congo). The Congo River by itself is able to generate the power required in the whole continent; a clean and renewable energy able of confronting any competition and of guaranteeing a sustainable development. The recent energy crisis in Senegal, which continues in the front cover of the main news publications, makes me doubt about the awareness in our leaders. The ups and downs of the Brent, moving around US$ 70 dollars should make us come out of that dream. Africa, producing 10% of the world oil should be more ambitious, since all new deposits recently discovered are in Africa.

Thus, the economic backwardness of the Continent is aggravated by an insufficient energy production. Oil, the source of over 70% of the world energy, is non renewable; this is the reason for all crises: Iraq, Heights of Karabak (Azerbaijan), Bakassi (Nigeria/Cameroon) and at present Darfur (Sudan). The Middle East, the main exporter of the black gold is on a permanent turmoil and deposits are beginning to become exhausted. Confronted to the situation that it will not be able to have oil for power producing, industry is moving to nuclear power. Almost all the West has decided in favor of nuclear power. Nevertheless, the car sector is still using a large share of oil power, thus the preponderant role of oil which will still be in existence for quite some time yet. Iran, the third oil world exporter goes for nuclear power. The Iranian stubbornness should be seen on the basis of two premises:

- To preserve its oil resources, to be autonomous on energy issues and this is impossible with oil since it is a non renewable source.

- The energy is a must for the development in the globalization era. Although its manipulation is a synonym of development, its military use is a sample of security. The adage says “anyone wanting peace gets ready for war”, in this third millennium. If war should be waged at a nuclear scale this will be an Apocalypses. North Korea is aware of this fact.

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